Experimental Investigation of the Three-point Bending Fatigue Properties of Carbon Fiber Composite Iaminates

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Tao Yang, Meihong He, Xuejuan Niu, Yu Du

Abstract


The three point bending fatigue properties of carbon fiber epoxy matrix composite laminates were compared for fatigue loading stress levels of 75, 80 and 85%, and fatigue loading frequencies of 10, 15 and 20 Hz, respectively. The experimental results showed that the bending fatigue life of the composites obviously decreased with the increase of the fatigue loading stress level or the loading frequency. The fatigue damage accumulation process could be divided into three distinct stages according to the accumulation rate: fast, slow and then fast. When the loading stress level was increased from 75 to 85%, the duration of the third stage decreased from 40 to 10% of the overall fatigue life. When the loading frequency was increased from 10 to 20Hz, the duration of the third stage increased from 20 to 40% of the overall fatigue life. Matrix cracking, fiber breaking, interface debonding and delamination were identified as the main three-point bending fatigue damage modes of the carbon fiber composite material, and the stress level and the loading frequency were found to significantly influence the fatigue failure properties of the composites.


Keywords


Carbon fiber composites; Three-point bending; Fatigue property; Stiffness degradation

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